Predicting Risk of Infection in Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.
OBJECTIVE: To predict incident bloodstream infection and urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).
STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis using the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database during 2010-2016. Infants with CDH admitted at 22 participating regional neonatal intensive care units were included; patients repaired or discharged to home prior to admission/referral were excluded. The primary outcome was death or the occurrence of bloodstream infection or UTI prior to discharge. Factors associated with this outcome were used to develop a multivariable equation using 80% of the cohort. Validation was performed in the remaining 20% of infants.
RESULTS: Median gestation and postnatal age at referral in this cohort (n = 1085) were 38 weeks and 3.1 hours, respectively. The primary outcome occurred in 395 patients (36%); and was associated with low birth weight, low Apgar, low admission pH, renal and associated anomalies, patch repair, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (P < .001 for all; area under receiver operating curve = 0.824; goodness of fit χ2 = 0.52). After omitting death from the outcome measure, admission pH, patch repair of CDH, and duration of central line placement were significantly associated with incident bloodstream infection or UTI.
CONCLUSIONS: Infants with CDH are at high risk of infection which was predicted by clinical factors. Early identification and low threshold for sepsis evaluations in high-risk infants may attenuate acquisition and the consequences of these infections.
The Journal of pediatrics
Anti-Bacterial Agents; Apgar Score; Bacteremia; Catheterization, Central Venous; Congenital Abnormalities; Databases, Factual; Drug Utilization; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital; Humans; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Infant, Low Birth Weight; Infant, Newborn; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal; Kidney; Retrospective Studies; Risk Assessment; Surgical Mesh; United States; Urinary Tract Infections
Children's Hospitals Neonatal Consortium (CHNC); Children's Hospitals Neonatal Database (CHND); congenital diaphragmatic hernia; neonatal intensive care; pulmonary hypertension
Murthy, K., Porta, N. F., Pallotto, E. K., Rintoul, N., Keene, S., Chicoine, L., Gien, J., Brozanski, B. S., Johnson, Y. R., Haberman, B., DiGeronimo, R., Zaniletti, I., Grover, T., . Predicting Risk of Infection in Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. The Journal of pediatrics 203, 101-107 (2018).