Pharmacology of Common Analgesic and Sedative Drugs Used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
In this review of analgesic and sedation medication in neonates, important classes of old and newer medications commonly used in the neonatal intensive care unit setting are discussed. In addition to drug metabolism, efficacy, and safety for individual drugs, new insights into multimodal analgesic approaches suggest ways in which multiple analgesic drug classes can be combined to maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity. Opiate pharmacogenetics and the potential for a precision therapeutics approach is explored, with a final description of gaps in knowledge and a call for future research of pain and sedation control in the neonatal population.
Clinics in perinatology
Analgesia; Neonatal; Pain; Pharmacology; Sedation
Donato J, Rao K, Lewis T. Pharmacology of Common Analgesic and Sedative Drugs Used in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Clin Perinatol. 2019;46(4):673-692. doi:10.1016/j.clp.2019.08.004