Same-Day Discharge and Quality of Life for Primary Laparoscopic Rectopexy for Rectal Prolapse in Children: A 10-Year Experience.
Introduction: Rectal prolapse (RP) in pediatric patients may require surgical intervention. Varying surgical approaches and heterogenous patient populations have resulted in difficulty defining surgical outcomes and superiority of technique. We sought to review our surgical and self-reported outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic rectopexy for idiopathic RP.
Methods: Records of children <18 years who underwent primary laparoscopic rectopexy between March 2009 and March 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with redo rectopexy were excluded. Demographics, pre- and postoperative treatment, and outcome data were collected and reported using descriptive statistics. Qualitative analysis of a quality of life (QoL) questionnaire administered to patients and parents 2-10 years postoperatively was performed.
Results: Fifteen patients were included. Median age at surgery was 5 years (interquartile range [IQR] 3, 12.5); 60% were male and median weight was 22 kg (IQR 16.4, 39.2). Median length of stay was 6 hours (IQR 4, 22) with 9 (60%) discharged the same day. Perioperatively, 73% were on laxative for constipation, whereas only 33% were on laxative therapy at 6 months postrectopexy. Median follow-up was 19 months (IQR 8, 39). Three patients (20%) suffered recurrent RP (2 required redo rectopexy), and 2 patients self-limited urinary retention. Respondents to the QoL questionnaire indicated improvement in symptoms after surgery. No patient reported fecal incontinence, smearing, or leakage of stool.
Conclusion: Laparoscopic rectopexy is a safe minimally invasive approach for children with idiopathic RP that offers high patient satisfaction with same-day discharge, early recovery, and low recurrence.
Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
constipation; fecal incontinence; laparoscopic rectopexy; quality of life questionnaire; rectal prolapse
Osuchukwu, O. O., Dorman, R. M., Dekonenko, C., Svetanoff, W., Fraser, J. D., Aguayo, P., St Peter, S. D., Oyetunji, T. A., Rentea, R. M. Same-Day Discharge and Quality of Life for Primary Laparoscopic Rectopexy for Rectal Prolapse in Children: A 10-Year Experience. Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A 30, 679-684 (2020).