Reinterpretation of Chromosomal Microarrays with Detailed Medical History.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of a detailed medical history in the interpretation of chromosomal microarray results for pediatric patients with a constitutional disease.
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review and reinterpretation of test results from chromosomal microarrays performed from 2011 to 2013. Previously reported genetic variants were reanalyzed after review of the patient's complete electronic medical record (cEMR). A 3-tier system was used for reclassification of variants: pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP); variant of uncertain significance (VUS); or benign or likely benign (B/LB).
RESULTS: Over an 18-month period, 998 patients with chromosomal microarray results were identified. The most common reasons for chromosomal microarray testing were developmental delay (n = 336), autism spectrum disorder (n = 241), and seizures (n = 143). Chromosomal microarray testing identified 1 or more variants in 48% (482 of 998) of patients; 516 patients had a negative report. For the 482 patients with variants, the original interpretations were composed of 19.3% P/LP (93 of 482), 44.8% VUS (216 of 482), and 35.9% B/LB (173 of 482) variants. After review of the cEMR, 34% of patient results (164 of 482) were changed in interpretation. One case changed from B/LB to VUS, 7 VUS were upgraded to P/LP, and 156 VUS were downgraded to B/LB. No P/LP variants had a change in interpretation.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, 16.4% (164 of 998) of patients with chromosomal microarray testing had a change in interpretation. Access to the patient's cEMR improves the interpretation of chromosomal microarrays by decreasing the number of uncertain (VUS) interpretations.
The Journal of pediatrics
CMA; clinical genomics; electronic medical record; reinterpretation; variant of uncertain significance
Farooqi MS, Figueroa S, Gotway G, Wang J, Luu HS, Park JY. Reinterpretation of Chromosomal Microarrays with Detailed Medical History. J Pediatr. 2020;222:180-185.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.03.020