Title

Pediatric Emergency Medicine Point-of-Care Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Intussusception.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2019

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.06.007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Delayed diagnosis of intussusception can lead to air enema failure and increased morbidity. There are limited studies reporting the accuracy of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physician point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in diagnosing intussusception.

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the accuracy of PEM POCUS in identifying ileocolic intussusception. The secondary objective was to identify factors associated with air enema failure.

METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children who underwent POCUS for suspected intussusception in a pediatric emergency department between January 2001 and December 2015. Patients were included if a pediatric radiologist confirmed the POCUS examination interpretation by image review, radiology department ultrasound, or air enema. Age, symptom duration, recurrent intussusception, and location of intussusception were examined as factors for air enema failure.

RESULTS: One hundred and two POCUS examinations were completed on 101 patients who met the inclusion criteria. The mean age of patients was 22 months. Of 75 patients with intussusception, 72 were detected with POCUS. PEM POCUS had a sensitivity of 96.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 91.6-100.0%), specificity of 92.6% (95% CI 82.7-100.0%), positive predictive value of 97.3% (95% CI 93.6-100.0%), and negative predictive value of 89.3% (95% CI 77.8-100.0%). Air enema failure was associated with intussusception distal to the splenic flexure (odds ratio = 10.00 [95% CI 2.81-35.61]; p < 0.01) and age

CONCLUSION: PEM POCUS identifies intussusception with high sensitivity and specificity. Patientsfailure.

Journal Title

The Journal of emergency medicine

Volume

57

Issue

3

First Page

367

Last Page

374

MeSH Keywords

Child; Child, Preschool; Early Diagnosis; Emergency Service, Hospital; Female; Humans; Infant; Intussusception; Male; Pediatric Emergency Medicine; Point-of-Care Systems; Predictive Value of Tests; Retrospective Studies; Sensitivity and Specificity; Ultrasonography

Keywords

POCUS; air enema; intussusception; pediatric emergency medicine; point-of-care ultrasound

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