Do what you say and say what you are going to do: A preliminary meta-analysis of client change and sustain talk subtypes in motivational interviewing
DOI: 10.1080/10503307.2018.1490973; PMCID: PMC6310665 (available on 2020-10-01)
Objective: This meta-analysis examines the predictive validity of client change language subtypes in motivational interviewing (MI) sessions addressing addictive behavior change. Method: A systematic review identified k = 13 primary studies, contributing 16 MI conditions (N = 1556). The pooled correlation coefficient was used to assess the significance, direction, and strength of seven language subtypes (i.e., reason, desire, need, ability, commitment, taking steps, and other) by three valences (i.e., frequency positive or change talk, frequency negative or sustain talk, and proportion change talk) and their relationship to subsequent engagement in addictive behavior. Results: For frequency measures, more sustain talk related to reason, desire, ability, and other were associated with more addictive behavior at follow up. Other change talk was associated with MI outcomes but in an unexpected direction (i.e., more addictive behavior). Proportion measures showed more proportion change talk-reason and -other statements were associated with less addictive behavior at follow up. Sensitivity analyses indicated some heterogeneity and instability of effect sizes, but no evidence of publication bias. Conclusions: This preliminary meta-analysis suggests that aggregate measures of change and sustain talk are comprised of statement subtypes that are not equally meaningful in predicting outcome following MI for addictive behavior change.
Behavior, Addictive; Humans; Motivational Interviewing; Outcome Assessment, Health Care
Behavior, Addictive; Motivational Interviewing; Outcome Assessment, Health Care
Magill, M., Bernstein, M. H., Hoadley, A., Borsari, B., Apodaca, T. R., Gaume, J., Tonigan, J. S. Do what you say and say what you are going to do: A preliminary meta-analysis of client change and sustain talk subtypes in motivational interviewing Psychother Res 29, 860-869 (2019).