Title

The Association Between Affect and Sleep in Adolescents With and Without FGIDs.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Identifier

DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsz092

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with chronic pain associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) experience negative impacts on their health behaviors (i.e., sleep) and are at risk for a range of problems related to negative affect, which may serve to exacerbate one another in a reciprocal fashion. This study aimed to determine if the strength of the relationship between affect and sleep differs across community adolescents and adolescents with FGIDs. It was hypothesized that shorter sleep durations would be associated with more negative affect and longer sleep durations would be associated with more positive affect, and that group membership would moderate these relationships.

METHODS: Twenty-five adolescents with FGIDs were compared with 25 matched peers to examine the differential association between affect and total sleep time (TST). Models were estimated using SAS PROC MIXED for inter- and intraindividual differences.

RESULTS: Models predicting TST revealed a significant three-way interaction among weekday, group status, and negative affect. Simple slopes indicated that when negative affect is one standard deviation below the child's own average on weekends, participants with FGIDs obtained significantly more sleep than those in the comparison group (β = 47.67, p < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study show that when adolescents with FGIDs have lower negative affect on the weekend, when demands are likely reduced, they are able to obtain more TST. These findings confirm that unique relationships exist between negative affect and sleep duration for youth with FGIDs, and their interaction may hold value in understanding and addressing these targets.

Journal Title

Journal of pediatric psychology

Volume

45

Issue

1

First Page

110

Last Page

119

Keywords

adolescents; affect; functional gastrointestinal disorders; sleep

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