DOI: 10.2147/PGPM.S276230; PMCID: PMC7649971
Purpose: Donepezil, a drug frequently used to treat dementia, is mainly metabolized by cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6). This study investigated the relationships between CYP2D6 genotype and activity scores as well as predicted phenotype of plasma donepezil concentrations in 86 Thai dementia participants.
Materials and methods: CYP2D6 was genotyped using bead-chip technology (Luminex xTAG® v.3). Steady-state trough plasma donepezil concentrations were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography.
Results: Sixteen genotypes were found but the most frequent genotypes detected among our participants were CYP2D6*10/*10 (27.9%) and *1/*10 (26.7%). One-third of the participants had an activity score of 1.25 which predicted that they were normal metabolizers. The overall median (interquartile range) of plasma donepezil concentration was 51.20 (32.59-87.24) ng/mL. Normal metabolizers (NMs) had lower plasma donepezil concentrations compared to intermediate metabolizers (IMs) (41.15 (28.44-67.65) ng/mL vs 61.95 (35.25-97.00) ng/mL). Multivariate analysis showed that CYP2D6 activity score (r2 = 0.50) and the predicted phenotype (independent of dose) could predict the plasma donepezil concentration (r2 = 0.49).
Conclusion: Plasma donepezil concentration in NMs was lower compared to IMs. Additional studies with larger sample size and use of next-generation sequencing as well as its outcomes are warranted to confirm the benefit of using pharmacogenetic-guided treatment for donepezil.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med
CYP2D6; Luminex xTAG®; dementia; donepezil; pharmacogenetics
Chamnanphon M, Wainipitapong S, Wiwattarangkul T, et al. CYP2D6 Predicts Plasma Donepezil Concentrations in a Cohort of Thai Patients with Mild to Moderate Dementia. Pharmgenomics Pers Med. 2020;13:543-551. Published 2020 Nov 2. doi:10.2147/PGPM.S276230