A safe and efficacious preventive strategy in the high-risk surgical neonate: cycled total parenteral nutrition.
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic dysfunction in patients reliant on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) may benefit from cycled TPN. A concern for neonatal hypoglycemia has limited the use of cycled TPN in neonates less than 1 week of age. We sought to determine both the safety and efficacy of cycled TPN in surgical neonates less than 1 week of age.
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on surgical neonates placed on prophylactic and therapeutic cycled TPN from January 2013 to March 2016. Specific emphasis was placed on identifying incidence of direct hyperbilirubinemia and hypoglycemic episodes.
RESULTS: Fourteen neonates were placed on cycled TPN; 8 were prophylactically cycled and 6 were therapeutically cycled. Median gestational age was 36 weeks (34, 37). Sixty-four percent (n = 9) had gastroschisis. There was no difference between the prophylactic and therapeutic groups in incidence of hyperbilirubinemia > 2 mg/dL (3 (37%) vs 5 (83%), p = 0.08) or the length of time to development of hyperbilirubinemia [24 days (4, 26) vs 27 days (25, 67), p = 0.17]. Time on cycling was similar though patients who were prophylactically cycled had a shorter overall time on TPN. Three (21%) infants had documented hypoglycemia, but only one infant became clinically symptomatic.
CONCLUSION: Prophylactic TPN cycling is a safe and efficacious nutritional management strategy in surgical neonates less than 1 week of age with low rates of hypoglycemia and a shorter total course of TPN; however, hepatic dysfunction did not appear to be improved compared to therapeutic cycling.
Pediatric surgery international
Enterocolitis, Necrotizing; Female; Gastroschisis; Hirschsprung Disease; Humans; Hyperbilirubinemia; Hypoglycemia; Infant, Newborn; Intestinal Atresia; Intestinal Volvulus; Male; Meconium Ileus; Parenteral Nutrition, Total; Retrospective Studies
Cycling TPN; Hyperbilirubinemia; Hypoglycemia; TPN
Sujka, J. A., Weaver, K. L., Lim, J. D., Gonzalez, K. W., Biondo, D. J., Juang, D., Aguayo, P., Hendrickson, R. J. A safe and efficacious preventive strategy in the high-risk surgical neonate: cycled total parenteral nutrition. Pediatric surgery international 34, 1177-1181 (2018).