Title

Effects of acute exercise on postprandial triglyceride response after a high-fat meal in overweight black and white adolescents.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2013

Identifier

DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2013.29; PMCID: PMC4035105

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of acute exercise on postprandial triglyceride (TG) metabolism following a high-fat meal in overweight black vs white adolescents.

DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Twenty-one black and 17 white adolescents (12-18 yrs, body mass index 85th percentile) were evaluated twice, during control versus exercise trials, 1-4 weeks apart, in a counterbalanced randomized design. In the control trial, participants performed no exercise on day 1. In the exercise trial, participants performed a single bout of 60-min exercise (50% VO2 peak) on a cycle ergometer on day 1. On day 2 of both trials, participants consumed a high-fat breakfast (70% calories from fat) and blood was sampled for TG concentration in the fasted state and for 6 h postprandially.

RESULTS: There was a significant main effect of condition on postprandial peak TG concentration (P=0.01) and TG area under the curve (AUC) (P=0.003), suggesting that independent of race, peak TG and TG-AUC was lower in the exercise trial vs control trial. Including Tanner stage, gender, total fat (kg) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) as independent variables, stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that in whites, VAT was the strongest (P

CONCLUSION: A single bout of aerobic exercise preceding a high-fat meal is beneficial to reduce postprandial TG concentrations in overweight white adolescents to a greater extent than black adolescents, particularly those with increased visceral adiposity.

Journal Title

Int J Obes (Lond)

Volume

37

Issue

7

First Page

966

Last Page

971

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; African Americans; Analysis of Variance; Area Under Curve; Bicycling; Blood Glucose; Body Composition; Body Mass Index; C-Peptide; Child; Diet, High-Fat; European Continental Ancestry Group; Exercise; Fasting; Female; Humans; Hyperlipidemias; Insulin; Intra-Abdominal Fat; Male; Overweight; Postprandial Period; Triglycerides; United States

Keywords

Adolescent; African Americans; Analysis of Variance; Area Under Curve; Bicycling; Blood Glucose; Body Composition; Body Mass Index; C-Peptide; Child; Diet, High-Fat; European Continental Ancestry Group; Exercise; Fasting; Female; Humans; Hyperlipidemias; Insulin; Intra-Abdominal Fat; Male; Overweight; Postprandial Period; Triglycerides; United States

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