Use of the composite asthma severity index in a pediatric subspecialty clinic.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.anai.2021.01.036


BACKGROUND: The Composite Asthma Severity Index (CASI) is a comprehensive tool to assess asthma severity, which has been applied in the research setting.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in an outpatient setting, whether a CASI score accurately predicts asthma severity or control as determined by means of subspecialist assessment. Asthma Control Test (ACT) and childhood ACT (C-ACT) scores were generated to provide additional context for CASI scores in relationship to assessments using another clinical tool.

METHODS: Children aged 5 to 18 years with a physician diagnosis of persistent asthma were recruited from a tertiary care center. A pediatric pulmonologist made determinations on each participant's asthma severity and control during a clinic visit. A CASI and ACT/C-ACT score was generated for each patient. Logistic regression and Spearman correlations were used to determine how well CASI scores predicted physician assessments. Agreement between ACT/C-ACT scores and physician assessment of asthma control was determined in supplemental analyses.

RESULTS: CASI scores strongly predicted physician assessment of severity (Spearman correlation = 0.61, P < .001); unadjusted odds ratio (OR) equal to 36.67 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.83-152.34); and adjusted OR equal to 32.76 (95% CI: 85.70-188.44). In supplemental analyses, ACT/C-ACT scores strongly predicted physician assessment of control (Spearman correlation = 0.72, P < .001) with an unadjusted OR equal to 42.12 (95% CI: 13.34-133.00) and adjusted OR equal to 55.34 (95% CI: 13.62-224.89).

CONCLUSION: Use of the CASI was feasible and accurately predicted physician assessments of asthma severity and control in this sample, which are not distinct entities. The CASI is a robust tool that may be used successfully in ambulatory pediatric asthma care.

Journal Title

Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology





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