Interventricular Septal Pseudoaneurysm After Blunt Chest Trauma in a 6 Year Old: An Illustrative Case and Review.
Motor vehicle accident is the most common cause of blunt cardiac injury (BCI) in children (85.3%) due to the height of the child in relation to proper restraints and the compliant pediatric rib cage (J Trauma. 1996;40:200-202). Trauma to the chest wall may lead to injury of the myocardium, resulting in myocardial contusion, ventricular septal defect (VSD), ventricular free wall rupture, or valve compromise (J Trauma. 1996;40; 200-202; Heart Lung. 2012;41:200-202; J Inj Violence Res. 2012;4:98-100). There are several proposed mechanisms for the formation of VSD after blunt chest trauma including rupture of ischemic myocardium related to the initial trauma and reopening of a spontaneously closed congenital VSD. Also, chest trauma during isovolumetric contraction of the ventricles may generate enough intraventricular force to cause myocardial rupture (J Trauma. 1996;40:200-202; J Inj Violence Res. 2012;4:98-100; Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54:86-89; Ann Thorac Surg. 2012;94:1714-1716; J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2012;5:184-187). Previous case reports highlight the formation of a true VSD after BCI and the requirement of emergent repair (J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2012;5:184-187; Am Heart J. 1996;131:1039-1041; Korean Circ J. 2011;41:625-628; Ann Thorac Surg 2013;96:297-298; Kardiol Pol. 2013;71:992; Chin Med J. 2013;126:1592-1593). Reported is a case of a 6-year-old girl who developed an interventricular septal pseudoaneurysm after a motor vehicle accident of pedestrian versus car. On the day of presentation, she developed bradycardia after emergent surgical repair for abdominal trauma that required cardiopulmonary resuscitation including 5 minutes of chest compressions. At the time of resuscitation, an emergent transthoracic echocardiogram noted an interventricular pseudoaneurysm. She has been followed with serial transthoracic echocardiograms and has not required surgical intervention. We discuss the risk factors, prevalence, and diagnostic studies and recommended treatment options for structural heart disease after BCI.
Pediatric emergency care
Accidents, Traffic; Aneurysm, False; Child; Echocardiography; Female; Heart Injuries; Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular; Humans; Ventricular Septum; Wounds, Nonpenetrating
Traffic Accidents; False Aneurysm; Echocardiography; Heart Injuries; Ventricular Heart Septal Defects; Ventricular Septum; Wounds, Nonpenetrating
Behrle, N., Dyke, P., Dalabih, A. Interventricular Septal Pseudoaneurysm After Blunt Chest Trauma in a 6 Year Old: An Illustrative Case and Review. Pediatric emergency care 34, 39-40 (2018).