A Person-Centered Approach to Symptom Assessment and Management for Children and Adolescents Receiving Cancer Treatment.
OBJECTIVES: Discuss the clinical assessment and management of symptoms for children and adolescents receiving treatment for cancer with attention to a person-centered approach to care.
DATA SOURCES: Review of currently published literature and guidelines pertaining to symptom assessment and management for children and adolescents receiving treatment for cancer.
CONCLUSION: Symptoms such as pain, nausea, and fatigue are commonly reported by children and adolescents receiving cancer treatment and are associated with greater symptom burden. Symptom assessment should be tailored to the child or adolescent and include the child's or adolescent's preference for reporting symptoms and attention to the symptoms that are of greatest priority. Evidence-based guidelines for the management of symptoms, including pain and nausea, are available to guide symptom management interventions and should be tailored to provide person-centered care.
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses can lead efforts through clinical practice and research initiatives to advance person-centered symptom care for children and adolescents with cancer on a global level. Priorities for future work to advance person-centered symptom assessment and management include (1) identification of best practices for symptom assessment, (2) attention to social determinants of health and their subsequent influence on symptom outcomes, (3) compilation of evidence for management of less commonly reported symptoms, and (4) implementation of published clinical guidelines for symptom management in practice settings.
Seminars in oncology nursing
Adolescent cancer; Childhood cancer; Clinical practice guidelines; Implementation science; Person-centered care; Symptom assessment; Symptom management
Linder LA, Ameringer S, Stegenga K, Macpherson CF, Erickson J. A Person-Centered Approach to Symptom Assessment and Management for Children and Adolescents Receiving Cancer Treatment. Semin Oncol Nurs. 2021;37(3):151164. doi:10.1016/j.soncn.2021.151164