A multidisciplinary chronic lung disease team in a neonatal intensive care unit is associated with increased survival to discharge of infants with tracheostomy.
DOI: 10.1038/s41372-021-00974-2; PMCID: PMC8013205
OBJECTIVE: To determine if multidisciplinary team-based care of severe BPD/CLD infants improve survival to discharge.
DESIGN/METHODS: Retrospective review of severe BPD/CLD infants cared for by dedicated multidisciplinary CLD team using consensus-driven protocols and guidelines.
RESULTS: Total of 267 patients. Median gestational age was 26 weeks (IQR 24, 32); median birth-weight was 0.85 (IQR 0.64, 1.5). Twenty-four percent were preterm with severe BPD, 46% had other primary respiratory diseases (none BPD diseases). Total number of patients, proportion of patients with tracheostomy, prematurity, and genetic diagnoses increased over time. 88.8% survived to discharge. Unadjusted logistic regression showed that tracheostomy was not associated with odds of death; secondary pulmonary hypertension was associated with odds of tracheostomy (OR = 1.795 p value = 0.0264), or death (OR = 8.587 p value =
CONCLUSIONS: Over time, mortality improved for infants with tracheostomy cared for by a multidisciplinary severe BPD/CLD team. Secondary pulmonary hypertension was associated with tracheostomy, or death, or tracheostomy + death.
Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association
Hansen TP, Noel-MacDonnell J, Kuckelman S, Norberg M, Truog W, Manimtim W. A multidisciplinary chronic lung disease team in a neonatal intensive care unit is associated with increased survival to discharge of infants with tracheostomy. J Perinatol. 2021;41(8):1963-1971. doi:10.1038/s41372-021-00974-2