Modifying Diet and Exercise in MS (MoDEMS): Study design and protocol for a telehealth weight loss intervention for adults with obesity & Multiple Sclerosis.
Weight loss improves overall health, and reduces inflammation, risk of stroke, heart attack, diabetes, certain cancers, and death among individuals with obesity. Weight loss also improves mobility, increases stamina, and elevates mood. Between 25 and 33% of people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) have obesity. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and obesity are independently associated with reduced mobility, increased fatigue, and depression. Most behavioral weight loss trials exclude individuals with neurologic disease. Consequently, few studies have examined the effects of weight loss on symptom presentation and health outcomes among pwMS and obesity. This is the first study examining the efficacy of a comprehensive behavioral weight loss intervention designed specifically for pwMS. The purpose of this study is to develop and assess the efficacy of a telehealth administered weight loss intervention tailored for pwMS. Additionally, we aim to determine if weight loss reduces physical and emotional symptoms in individuals with obesity and MS. We will enroll 70 pwMS in a wait-list crossover trial to examine the efficacy of our intervention. If successful, findings will help determine whether we can help participants lose clinically significant weight - and whether weight loss among pwMS and overweight/obesity reduces fatigue, and improves mobility, mood, and quality of life.
Contemp Clin Trials
Diet; Exercise; Multiple Sclerosis; Neurologic disease; Obesity; Weight loss
Bruce JM, Cozart JS, Shook RP, et al. Modifying Diet and Exercise in MS (MoDEMS): Study design and protocol for a telehealth weight loss intervention for adults with obesity & Multiple Sclerosis. Contemp Clin Trials. 2021;107:106495. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2021.106495