New types of immunotherapy in children.
Injection immunotherapy has been shown to be particularly beneficial in treating allergic rhinitis, mild to moderate asthma, and anaphylaxis caused by bee and wasp venom. It also produces a long-term, antigen-specific, protective immune effect and is the only treatment that offers the possibility of reducing the risk of asthma development in children with allergic rhinitis. Nonetheless, the potentially severe side effects associated with this form of immunotherapy limit its widespread use. Diverse preparations are being developed to increase its safety and improve its efficacy. These include alternative routes of administration, particularly the sublingual route; use of novel adjuvants, such as CpG oligonucleotides and mycobacterial vaccines; and other approaches, such as peptide immunotherapy, recombinant allergens, DNA vaccination, and combined therapy. Some of these immunotherapy forms have been evaluated in children.
Current allergy and asthma reports
Adjuvants, Immunologic; Allergens; Bacterial Vaccines; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Hypersensitivity, Immediate; Immunotherapy; Male; Peptides; Recombinant Proteins; Vaccines, DNA
Immunologic Adjuvants; Allergens; Bacterial Vaccines; Immediate Hypersensitivity; Immunotherapy; Peptides; Recombinant Proteins; DNA Vaccines
Rodríguez-Pérez N, Penagos M, Portnoy JM. New types of immunotherapy in children. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2008;8(6):484-492. doi:10.1007/s11882-008-0089-4