Title

Physical and Cognitive Training to Enhance Intensive Care Unit Survivors' Cognition: A Mapping Review.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2021

Identifier

DOI: 10.1097/RNJ.0000000000000325

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine current literature regarding effects of physical or cognitive training and simultaneous (dual-task) physical and cognitive training on cognition in adults surviving an intensive care unit (ICU) stay.

DESIGN: Systematic mapping.

METHODS: A literature search was conducted to examine effects of physical and/or cognitive training on cognitive processes.

RESULTS: Few studies have targeted adults surviving ICU. Independently, physical and cognitive interventions improved cognition in healthy older adults with and without cognitive impairment. Simultaneous interventions may improve executive function. Small sample size and heterogeneity of interventions limited the ability to make inferences.

CONCLUSION: Literature supports positive effects of single- and dual-task training on recovering cognition in adults. This training could benefit ICU survivors who need to regain cognitive function and prevent future decline.

RELEVANCE TO PRACTICE: With the growing number of ICU survivors experiencing cognitive deficits, it is essential to develop and test interventions that restore cognitive function in this understudied population.

Journal Title

Rehabilitation nursing : the official journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses

Volume

46

Issue

6

First Page

323

Last Page

332

MeSH Keywords

Aged; Cognition; Cognition Disorders; Executive Function; Humans; Intensive Care Units; Physical Therapy Modalities; Survivors

Keywords

Aged; Cognition; Cognition Disorders; Executive Function; Humans; Intensive Care Units; Physical Therapy Modalities; Survivors

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