HiTOP Assessment of the Somatoform Spectrum and Eating Disorders.
We report on Phase 1 efforts of the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) measurement subgroup tasked with developing provisional scales for the somatoform spectrum and eating disorders. In Study 1, items were written to assess five somatoform spectrum constructs (bodily distress symptoms, conversion symptoms, health anxiety, disease conviction, and somatic preoccupation). Scale development analyses were conducted on 550 university students. The conversion symptom items were too infrequently endorsed and were set aside for Phase 2. Analyses of the other items yielded four scales corresponding closely to their hypothesized structure. In Study 2, we delineated 15 specific feeding and eating disorder constructs. A sample of 400 university students were administered candidate items and several eating disorder questionnaires for criterion validity. Analyses yielded six scales capturing previously described constructs, tapping content related to body image and weight concerns, restricting and purging, cognitive restraint, binging, excessive exercise, and muscle building. Two scales representing additional constructs deemed to be of high clinical import-negative attitude towards obesity and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder-were retained for Phase 2, for a total of eight scales. Overall, we concluded that Phase 1 had been successful at generating a comprehensive set of provisional scales for inclusion in Phase 2.
HiTOP; eating disorders; scale development; somatic symptom disorder; somatoform disorders
Sellbom M, Forbush KT, Gould SR, Markon KE, Watson D, Witthöft M. HiTOP Assessment of the Somatoform Spectrum and Eating Disorders. Assessment. 2022;29(1):62-74. doi:10.1177/10731911211020825