Echocardiographic evaluation of the failing heart.
Heart failure in children can result from a wide range of aetiologies and can manifest in systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction. Echocardiography is the primary test for the diagnosis and follow-up of children with heart failure. In this article, we critically review standard echocardiographic measurements that have been shown to have prognostic importance in children with various types of heart failure. Each of the common forms of cardiomyopathy that is encountered in childhood--dilated, hypertrophic, restrictive, left ventricular non-compaction, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy--is discussed separately. Special attention is paid to the failing right ventricle, both in the systemic and in the sub-pulmonary position, to the failing univentricular heart, and to the assessment of diastolic function in children.
Cardiology in the young
25 Suppl 2
Cardiomyopathies; Diastole; Echocardiography; Heart Failure; Humans; Pediatrics; Prognosis; Systole; Ventricular Dysfunction, Right
EKG; ECG; Echocardiography; diagnosis; heart failure
Parthiban, A., Shirali, G. S. Echocardiographic evaluation of the failing heart. Cardiology in the young 25 Suppl 2, 87-93 (2015).