Age at orchiopexy for undescended testis in the United States.
PURPOSE: Undescended testis (UDT) is the most common congenital anomaly of the male genitalia. The American Urological Association guidelines recommend orchiopexy by age 18months to ameliorate the risk of subfertility. The study aim was to assess adherence to these guidelines on a national level.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed both the State Ambulatory Surgery Database (SASD) in 2012 and the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) for 2015. All patients aged 18years or less with a diagnosis of UDT who underwent orchiopexy were included. Demographic data including age at repair as well as surgical subspecialty and payer status were extracted.
RESULTS: Analysis of the 2012 SASD for New Jersey, Florida, and Maryland yielded 1654 patients. The majority were white, 791 (48.3%), with a median age at repair of 4years (IQR 1-8). Most patients, 1048 (64%), had orchiopexy later than age 2. A total of 844 males were identified from the PHIS database. Of these, 63% were white. The median age at repair was 5years (IQR 1-9). There were 577 (68%) patients older than 2years at orchiopexy.
CONCLUSION: Almost 70% of boys with undescended testes in the United States are undergoing orchiopexy at least 6months later than the recommended age.
TYPE OF STUDY: Retrospective.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
Journal of pediatric surgery
Age; Cryptorchidism; Orchiopexy; Undescended testis
Williams K, Baumann L, Shah A, Abdullah F, Johnson EK, Oyetunji TA. Age at Orchiopexy for undescended testis in the United States. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2018;53(1):86-89. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.10.020