Title

Effectiveness of BNT162b2 Vaccine against Critical Covid-19 in Adolescents.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-24-2022

Identifier

DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa2117995; PMCID: PMC8781318

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of pediatric hospitalizations associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) caused by the B.1.617.2 (delta) variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the United States has offered an opportunity to assess the real-world effectiveness of the BNT162b2 messenger RNA vaccine in adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age.

METHODS: We used a case-control, test-negative design to assess vaccine effectiveness against Covid-19 resulting in hospitalization, admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), the use of life-supporting interventions (mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation), or death. Between July 1 and October 25, 2021, we screened admission logs for eligible case patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 at 31 hospitals in 23 states. We estimated vaccine effectiveness by comparing the odds of antecedent full vaccination (two doses of BNT162b2) in case patients as compared with two hospital-based control groups: patients who had Covid-19-like symptoms but negative results on testing for SARS-CoV-2 (test-negative) and patients who did not have Covid-19-like symptoms (syndrome-negative).

RESULTS: A total of 445 case patients and 777 controls were enrolled. Overall, 17 case patients (4%) and 282 controls (36%) had been fully vaccinated. Of the case patients, 180 (40%) were admitted to the ICU, and 127 (29%) required life support; only 2 patients in the ICU had been fully vaccinated. The overall effectiveness of the BNT162b2 vaccine against hospitalization for Covid-19 was 94% (95% confidence interval [CI], 90 to 96); the effectiveness was 95% (95% CI, 91 to 97) among test-negative controls and 94% (95% CI, 89 to 96) among syndrome-negative controls. The effectiveness was 98% against ICU admission and 98% against Covid-19 resulting in the receipt of life support. All 7 deaths occurred in patients who were unvaccinated.

CONCLUSIONS: Among hospitalized adolescent patients, two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine were highly effective against Covid-19-related hospitalization and ICU admission or the receipt of life support. (Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.).

Journal Title

The New England journal of medicine

Volume

386

Issue

8

First Page

713

Last Page

723

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; BNT162 Vaccine; COVID-19; COVID-19 Testing; COVID-19 Vaccines; Case-Control Studies; Child; Female; Hospitalization; Humans; Immunization, Secondary; Intensive Care Units; Life Support Care; Male; Patient Acuity; SARS-CoV-2; United States; Vaccine Efficacy

Keywords

Adolescent; BNT162 Vaccine; COVID-19; COVID-19 Testing; COVID-19 Vaccines; Case-Control Studies; Child; Female; Hospitalization; Humans; Immunization, Secondary; Intensive Care Units; Life Support Care; Male; Patient Acuity; SARS-CoV-2; United States; Vaccine Efficacy

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