Title

Functionally impaired RPL8 variants associated with Diamond-Blackfan anemia and a Diamond-Blackfan anemia-like phenotype.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2022

Identifier

DOI: 10.1002/humu.24323

Abstract

Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic disease characterized by erythroblastopenia and a large spectrum of developmental anomalies. The vast majority of the cases genetically described are linked to heterozygous pathogenic variants in more than 20 ribosomal protein genes. Here we report an atypical clinical case of DBA associated with a missense variant in RPL8, which encodes RPL8/uL2, a protein of the 60S large ribosomal subunit. RPL8 has been previously implicated as a candidate disease gene in one patient with DBA bearing another type of missense variant; however, evidence for pathogenicity was limited to computational tools. Using functional studies in lymphoblastoid cells as well as yeast models, we show that the RPL8 variants detected in these two patients encode functionally deficient proteins that affect ribosome production and are therefore likely pathogenic. We propose to include RPL8 in the list of DBA-associated genes.

Journal Title

Human mutation

Volume

43

Issue

3

First Page

389

Last Page

402

Keywords

Diamond-Blackfan anemia; atypical case; pre-ribosomal RNA; ribosomal protein; ribosomopathies

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