Title

Substance Use Disorder Visits Among Adolescents at Children's Hospitals During COVID-19.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2022

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.12.024

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess changes in adolescent visits with substance use disorders (SUDs) at children's hospitals during COVID-19.

METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adolescents (11-18 years) with SUD diagnoses during a hospital visit in the Pediatric Health Information System. Study periods were defined as spring (03/15-05/31), summer (06/01-08/31), and fall (09/01-12/31), pre-COVID-19 (2017-2019), or during COVID-19 (2020). We summarized the change in weekly median visits and interquartile range (IQR) by characteristics and compared between the two periods (e.g., spring pre-COVID-19 [3/15-05/31/2017-2019] versus spring COVID-19 [3/15-05/31/2020]) using median regression.

RESULTS: There were 42,979 SUD visits (10,697 COVID-19; 32,282 pre-COVID-19) and 256 annual weekly median adolescent SUD visits [IQR 235, 280] pre-COVID-19 and 268 [IQR 245, 278] during COVID-19. The median number of weekly SUD visits increased by 14.3% during summer COVID-19 (median visits, [IQR]: 272 [268, 278]) compared to pre-COVID-19 (median visits: 237, IQR [216, 249]; p < .001) but did not significantly differ in spring (p = .091) or fall (p = .65) COVID-19.

DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest increased problematic adolescent substance use during summer COVID-19. Efforts to increase the identification and treatment of adolescent SUDs remain critical.

Journal Title

The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

Volume

70

Issue

4

First Page

673

Last Page

676

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; COVID-19; Child; Hospitals, Pediatric; Humans; Retrospective Studies; Substance-Related Disorders

Keywords

Adolescent; Alcohol; Cannabis; Nicotine; Psychoactive substances; Substance use

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