DOI: 10.1007/s12325-021-02021-0; PMCID: PMC8784588
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about how patients with asthma and eczema perceive their medical care and burden of disease. A survey was conducted to evaluate the perceptions among the general patient population with asthma and/or eczema regarding disease and treatment burden and barriers to adequate care.
METHODS: An online survey was completed by market research panelists in the USA between March 24, 2020 and April 6, 2020. Eligible participants were at least 18 years of age and endorsed a diagnosis of asthma and/or eczema. Survey responses are described for all participants, by designated racial/ethnic groups, and by income level.
RESULTS: In all, 841 participants completed the survey (asthma, n = 554; eczema, n = 398; both, n = 111; White, n = 421; Black, n = 252; Hispanic, n = 95; low income [less than $15,000/year], n = 99; higher income [at least $15,000/year], n = 713). More Black and Hispanic participants than White participants, and more participants with low income than higher income, endorsed health literacy as a barrier (e.g., filling out official documents, understanding written materials). Participants with low income were less likely than participants with higher income to have an asthma action plan (42% vs 53%, respectively) and to discuss asthma control with their healthcare provider (54% vs 69%). Black and Hispanic participants were more likely than White participants to have an emergency department visit (52% and 49% vs 31%, respectively) or hospitalization (31% and 39% vs 16%) for asthma within the last 12 months. Participants reporting low income indicated that they experienced eczema symptoms more frequently than participants with higher income; 35% of low-income participants vs 15% of higher-income participants reported that they had not tried any eczema treatments. Participants in all racial/ethnic and income-level groups reported that their asthma or eczema impacted their lifestyle and daily activities.
CONCLUSION: More effective and culturally informed communication and education strategies to improve health information uptake and shared decision-making are needed to reduce the burdens of disease and treatment in highly impacted populations.
Advances in therapy
Asthma; Eczema; Ethnicity; Hispanic or Latino; Humans; Social Determinants of Health
Asthma; Atopic dermatitis; Burden; Disparities; Eczema; Health equity
Bukstein DA, Friedman A, Gonzalez Reyes E, Hart M, Jones BL, Winders T. Impact of Social Determinants on the Burden of Asthma and Eczema: Results from a US Patient Survey. Adv Ther. 2022;39(3):1341-1358. doi:10.1007/s12325-021-02021-0