Cardiac Magnetic Resonance to Predict Coronary Artery Compression in Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Implantation Into Conduits.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jcin.2022.02.047


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in predicting coronary artery (CA) compression during transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation (TPVi).

BACKGROUND: TPVi is a widely available option to treat dysfunctional right ventricle (RV)-to-pulmonary artery (PA) conduits, but CA compression is an absolute contraindication. CMR can evaluate coronary anatomy, but its utility in predicting CA compression is not well established.

METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, all patients at 9 centers with attempted TPVi in RV-PA conduits and recent CMR (≤12 months) were analyzed. A core laboratory reviewed all CMR studies for the shortest orthogonal distance from a CA to the conduit, the shortest distance from a CA to the most stenotic area of the conduit, and subjective assessment of CA compression risk.

RESULTS: Among 231 patients, TPVi was successful in 198 (86%); in 24 (10%), balloon testing precluded implantation (documented CA compression or high risk). Distance to the RV-PA conduit ≤2.1 mm (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.70) and distance to most stenotic area ≤13.1 mm (AUC: 0.69) predicted CA compression. Subjective assessment had the highest AUC (0.78), with 96% negative predictive value. Both distances and qualitative assessment remained independently associated with CA compression when controlling for abnormal coronary anatomy or degree of conduit calcification.

CONCLUSIONS: CMR can help predict the risk for CA compression during TPVi in RV-PA conduits but cannot completely exclude CA compression. CMR may assist in patient selection and counseling families prior to TPVi, although balloon testing remains essential.

Journal Title

JACC Cardiovasc Interv





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cardiac magnetic resonance; congenital heart disease; transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation

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