BACKGROUND: Shared learnings from the early use of novel therapies can aid in their optimization. The recent introduction of peanut oral immunotherapy (peanut OIT; Palforzia [Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Allergen Powder-dnfp]) for peanut allergy addresses a significant unmet need but also highlights the requirement for consideration of several factors by both prescribers and patients.
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance for prescribers of licenced peanut OIT to facilitate treatment delivery and improve outcomes.
METHODS: Clinicians with experience of licenced peanut OIT (United States n = 6, United Kingdom n = 1) participated in a series of interviews and group discussions designed to elicit tips for successful implementation.
RESULTS: Clinicians identified 8 tips that were considered the most relevant, practical, and impactful for prescribers of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Allergen Powder-dnfp: (1) preparing to provide treatment, (2) assessing the medical indication for treatment and (3) shared decision making, (4) staff education, (5) establishing office processes, (6) managing patient expectations and using anticipatory guidance, (7) optimising adherence and (8) maintaining flexibility throughout the treatment process. In addition, a range of supporting materials (e.g., checklists and action plans) are provided.
CONCLUSION: The introduction of a novel therapy often requires healthcare providers to modify or adopt practices to effectively employ the treatment. The provision of guidance based upon early real-world experiences of licenced peanut OIT may help inform clinical practice and improve treatment outcomes.
Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol
Adherence; Allergy immunotherapy; Desensitization; Education; Food allergy treatment; Implementation; Oral immunotherapy; Peanut allergy; Peanut oral immunotherapy; Shared decision making.
Portnoy J, Ciaccio CE, Beausoleil J, et al. Eight tips for the implementation of the first licenced peanut allergy oral immunotherapy into clinical practice. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2022;18(1):37. Published 2022 May 9. doi:10.1186/s13223-022-00671-5