A randomized controlled trial of a community-based obesity intervention utilizing motivational interviewing and community resource mobilization for low-income families: Study protocol and baseline characteristics.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106626


Low-income, racially diverse families with one parent with obesity are at high risk for child obesity. Effective approaches to promote healthy behaviors and prevent additional weight gain in family members are needed. Motivational interviewing (MI) may assist families to engage, identify motivations for change and establish goals. However, families with limited resources face other barriers to goal achievement that may be addressed through connection with community organizations. This paper describes a unique protocol combining MI and community connection. This randomized controlled trial includes low-income families with one parent with obesity and at least one child aged 6 to 12 years. Families in the intervention group receive an innovative, 12-month intervention combining health coaching using MI to promote lifestyle behavior change goals and community resource mobilization to assist with basic needs and resources to aid goals. The study protocol is modeled on community-based participatory research principles. Data is collected at baseline, 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months include questionnaires, body measurements, and accelerometer data. For adults, primary outcomes are Body Mass Index (BMI), minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and hours of sedentary time per day. For children, primary outcomes are sedentary time, MVPA, and the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Score. From this hard-to-reach population, 236 diverse families were recruited. If the study is deemed effective, it has the potential to demonstrate that the combination of MI, resource mobilization, and utilization of existing community organizations is a sustainable model to assist families at risk for obesity.

Journal Title

Contemp Clin Trials



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MeSH Keywords

Adult; Body Mass Index; Child; Community Resources; Exercise; Humans; Motivational Interviewing; Pediatric Obesity; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic


Children; Community-based participatory research; Family; Motivational interviewing; Obesity; Social determinants of health

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