Title

Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza Hospitalization and Emergency Department Visits in 2 A(H3N2) Dominant Influenza Seasons Among Children <18 Years Old-New Vaccine Surveillance Network 2016-2017 and 2017-2018.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-12-2022

Identifier

DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jiab624

Abstract

Studies have shown egg-adaptive mutations in influenza vaccine strains that might have impaired protection against circulating A(H3N2) influenza viruses during the 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 seasons. We used the test-negative design and multivariable models to assess vaccine effectiveness against influenza-associated hospitalization and emergency department visits among children (old) during the 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 seasons. Effectiveness was 71% (95% confidence interval, 59%-79%), 46% (35%-55%), and 45% (33%-55%) against A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2), and B viruses respectively, across both seasons. During high-severity seasons with concerns for vaccine mismatch, vaccination offered substantial protection against severe influenza outcomes requiring hospitalization or emergency department visits among children.

Journal Title

The Journal of infectious diseases

Volume

226

Issue

1

First Page

91

Last Page

96

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; Case-Control Studies; Child; Emergency Service, Hospital; Hospitalization; Humans; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype; Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype; Influenza B virus; Influenza Vaccines; Influenza, Human; Seasons; Vaccination; Vaccine Efficacy

Keywords

Influenza; children; test negative design; vaccination

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