Treating Obesity in Children and Adolescents with Special Healthcare Needs.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to summarize the literature regarding treatment of obesity in children with special healthcare needs and provide examples of implementation based on the available scientific evidence and the clinical experience of the authors.
RECENT FINDINGS: Due to the complexity of providing treatment for children with obesity and special healthcare needs, multidisciplinary teams are recommended to adapt care to meet the children's unique needs and ensure coordination of care across settings/caregivers. Medication management is often required to assist with the side effects of psychotropic medications. Children with special healthcare needs (SHCN) such as intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) should be considered for metabolic and bariatric surgery as they have similar outcomes to children without SHCN. Children with special healthcare needs can be successful in weight management treatment when they have access to comprehensive care including dietary, behavioral, pharmacological, and surgical interventions. Each child requires a tailored approach to ensure their special healthcare needs are addressed within the treatment plan.
Curr Obes Rep
Child; Humans; Adolescent; Pediatric Obesity; Delivery of Health Care
Autism spectrum disorder; Down syndrome; Metabolic and bariatric surgery; Pediatric obesity; Special healthcare needs
Dreyer Gillette ML, Killian HJ, Fernandez C, Sweeney BR. Treating Obesity in Children and Adolescents with Special Healthcare Needs. Curr Obes Rep. 2022;11(4):227-235. doi:10.1007/s13679-022-00484-y