Title

Three-dimensional Echocardiography in Congenital Heart Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and the American Society of Echocardiography.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.echo.2016.08.022

Abstract

Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has become important in the management of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), particularly with pre-surgical planning, guidance of catheter intervention, and functional assessment of the heart. 3DE is increasingly used in children because of good acoustic windows and the non-invasive nature of the technique. The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the optimal application of 3DE in CHD including technical considerations, image orientation, application to different lesions, procedural guidance, and functional assessment.

Journal Title

Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography

Volume

30

Issue

1

First Page

1

Last Page

27

MeSH Keywords

Cardiac Imaging Techniques; Child; Child, Preschool; Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional; Europe; Evidence-Based Medicine; Expert Testimony; Female; Heart Defects, Congenital; Humans; Image Enhancement; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Pediatrics; Practice Guidelines as Topic; United States

Keywords

ASE; Congenital heart disease; EACVI; Recommendation; Three-dimensional echocardiography; CHD; cjo; drem' baboes

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