PMCID: PMC2921512 DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.64367
Controversy still exists in the categorization of holes between the ventricles, although they are the most common congenital cardiac malformation. Advanced imaging techniques such as three-dimensional echocardiography and computed tomographic angiography offer superb anatomical details of these defects. In this review, we have sought to collate the features highlighted in different categorizations and identify their similarities, but also emphasize their differences. We hope that an analysis of this type, now achievable during life, using advanced imaging, might lead to the appearance of a unified system for diagnosis and description of holes between the ventricles.
Ann Pediatr Cardiol
Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/classification
Doubly committed and juxta-arterial defects; interventricular communication; muscular defects; perimembranous defects; ventricular septal defects
Friedman, Brad A.; Hlavacek, Anthony; Chessa, Karen; Shirali, Girish S.; Corcrain, Eowyn; Spicer, Diane; Anderson, Robert H.; and Zyblewski, Sinai, "Clinico-morphological correlations in the categorization of holes between the ventricles." (2010). Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers. 948.