Cataract Surgery in Children from Birth to Less than 13 Years of Age: Baseline Characteristics of the Cohort.
PMCID: PMC5121052 DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.09.003
OBJECTIVE: To describe baseline characteristics, initial postoperative refractive errors, operative complications, and magnitude of the intraocular lens (IOL) prediction error for refractive outcome in children undergoing lensectomy largely in North America.
DESIGN: Prospective registry study of children from birth to enrollment.
PARTICIPANTS: Total of 1266 eyes of 994 children; 49% female and 59% white.
METHODS: Measurement of refractive error, axial length, and complete ophthalmic examination.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Eye and systemic associated conditions, IOL style, refractive error, pseudophakic refraction prediction error, operative and perioperative complications.
RESULTS: Mean age at first eligible lens surgery was 4.2 years; 337 (34%) were(59%). Additional ocular abnormalities were noted in 301 eyes (24%). An IOL was placed in 35 of 460 eyes (8%) when surgery was performed before 1 year of age, in 70 of 90 eyes (78%) from 1 toage, and in 645 of 716 eyes (90%) from 2 to≥2 years of age than in those(odds ratio = 29.1; P < 0.001; 95% confidence interval: 19.6-43.3). Intraoperative complications were reported for 69 eyes (5%), with the most common being unplanned posterior capsule rupture in 14 eyes, 10 of which had an IOL placed. Prediction error of the implanted IOL was2.00 diopters in 15% of eyes.
CONCLUSIONS: Lensectomy surgery was performed throughout childhood, with about two-thirds of cases performed after 1 year of age. Initial surgery seemed safe, with a low complication rate. IOL placement was nearly universal in children 2 years of age and older. The immediate postoperative refraction was within 1 diopter of the target for about one-half of eyes.
Adolescent; Aphakia, Postcataract; Cataract; Cataract Extraction; Child; Child, Preschool; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Intraoperative Complications; Lens Implantation, Intraocular; Male; North America; Postoperative Complications; Prospective Studies; Pseudophakia; Refractive Errors; Registries; United Kingdom
Repka MX, Dean TW, Lazar EL, et al. Cataract Surgery in Children from Birth to Less than 13 Years of Age: Baseline Characteristics of the Cohort. Ophthalmology. 2016;123(12):2462-2473. doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.09.003