Are esophagocrural sutures needed during laparoscopic fundoplication: A prospective randomized trial.
PMID: 29103785 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.10.008
PURPOSE: Historically, fundoplication has been performed with extensive dissection of the esophageal attachments to the diaphragm. Previously, we conducted a randomized trial demonstrating that minimal esophageal dissection and mobilization reduce the rate of wrap herniation and the need for reoperation. In that study, four esophagocrural (EC) sutures were placed in both groups to help obliterate the space between the esophagus and diaphragmatic crura. In this current study, we evaluate the need for these EC sutures.
METHODS: Children less than age 7 undergoing laparoscopic fundoplication were randomized to receive four EC sutures or none. Exclusion criteria included an existing hiatal hernia. The primary outcome was transmigration of the fundoplication wrap through the esophageal hiatus into the mediastinum. A contrast study was performed around 1year postoperatively. Telephone follow-up was performed at a minimum of 1.5years.
RESULTS: 120 patients were enrolled from 2/2010 to 2/2014, and 13 did not survive. One patient was excluded because a hiatal hernia was found at laparoscopy, leaving 52 patients with EC sutures (S) and 54 without EC sutures (NS). Operative time was 20min longer in the S group (P
CONCLUSION: When minimal phrenoesophageal dissection is performed, EC sutures offer no advantages and increase operating time.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.
Journal of pediatric surgery
esophagocrural sutures; laparoscopic fundoplication, surgery, pediatric
St. Peter SD, Poola A, Adibe O, et al. Are esophagocrural sutures needed during laparoscopic fundoplication: A prospective randomized trial. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2018;53(1):25-29. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.10.008