Fat embolism syndrome is a rare complication occurring in 0.5 to 2% of patients following a long bone fracture. It is believed to be caused by the toxic effects of free fatty acids. Diagnosis is clinical, based on respiratory, cerebral and dermal manifestations. Treatment is only supportive, directed mainly at maintaining respiratory functions.
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Embolism, Fat; Fractures, Bone; Humans
Saigal, R., Mittal, M., Kansal, A., Singh, Y., Kolar, P. R., Jain, S. Fat embolism syndrome. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 56, 245-249 (2008).