Fever after redo Nissen fundoplication with hiatal hernia repair.

Document Type


Publication Date



PMID: 24948540 DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2014.05.021


Background: Fevers often arise after redo fundoplication with hiatal hernia repair. We reviewed our experience to evaluate the yield of a fever work-up in this population.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of children undergoing redo Nissen fundoplication with hiatal hernia repair between December 2001 and September 2012. Temperatures and fever evaluations of those children receiving a mesh repair were compared with those without mesh. A fever defined as temperature ≥38.4°C.

Results: Fifty one children received 46 laparoscopic, 4 open, and 1 laparoscopic converted to open procedures. Biosynthetic mesh was used in 25 children whereas 26 underwent repair without mesh. A fever occurred in 56% of those repaired with mesh compared with 23.1% without mesh (P = 0.02). A fever evaluation was conducted in 32% of those with mesh compared with 11.5% without mesh (P = 0.52). A urinary tract infection was identified in one child after mesh use and an infection was identified in two children without mesh, one pneumonia and one wound infection (P = 1). In those repaired with mesh, there was no significant difference in maximum temperature.

Conclusions: Fever is common after redo Nissen fundoplication with hiatal hernia repair and occurs more frequently, and with higher temperatures in those with mesh. Fever work-up in these patients is unlikely to yield an infectious source and is attributed to the extensive dissection during the redo procedure.

Journal Title

The Journal of surgical research





First Page


Last Page


MeSH Keywords

Child; Child, Preschool; Fever; Fundoplication; Hernia, Hiatal; Humans; Infant; Postoperative Complications; Reoperation; Retrospective Studies


Nissen surgery; Hiatal Hernia repair

Library Record