Title

Treatment of children with relapsed and refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia with mitoxantrone, vincristine, pegaspargase, dexamethasone, and bortezomib.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2020

Identifier

DOI: 10.1002/pbc.28062

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The treatment of relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children is challenging and new treatment options are needed. Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor with activity in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Adding bortezomib to standard reinduction chemotherapy in relapsed and refractory pediatric ALL has produced very good response rates in prior studies.

METHODS: We evaluated bortezomib in combination with reinduction therapy (ALL R3) in 10 children with relapsed or refractory ALL. Bortezomib (1.3 mg/m

RESULTS: Of the 10 patients, eight (80%) achieved a complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete recovery (CRi). Of the patients in CR, two had undetectable minimal residual disease by flow cytometry (

CONCLUSIONS: In children with relapsed or refractory ALL, the addition of bortezomib to reinduction chemotherapy that includes mitoxantrone produces a complete response in the majority of cases and does not lead to excessive toxicity.

Journal Title

Pediatric blood & cancer

Volume

67

Issue

3

First Page

28062

Last Page

28062

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; Asparaginase; Bortezomib; Child; Child, Preschool; Dexamethasone; Drug Resistance, Neoplasm; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Infant; Male; Mitoxantrone; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Polyethylene Glycols; Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma; Prognosis; Salvage Therapy; Survival Rate; Vincristine

Keywords

acute lymphoblastic leukemia; chemotherapy

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