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PMCID: PMC6047608 DOI: 10.2147/TCRM.S159611


Purpose: Despite significant medication nonadherence rates among youth with pediatric gastroenterology and hepatology disorders, little is known about current adherence practices in pediatric gastroenterology care. This study summarizes current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention in pediatric gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatologic care in the USA.

Participants and methods: One hundred and fifty-four pediatric GI providers completed an online survey designed to examine current practices surrounding adherence monitoring and intervention, specific strategies used to monitor and treat poor adherence, and the barriers currently experienced in relation to adherence monitoring and intervention.

Results: Practices varied greatly in terms of when and how patient adherence is monitored and by whom; however, physicians and nursing professionals take primary responsibility for adherence monitoring. Approximately 25% utilize screeners to assess adherence, and most participants use patient and caregiver reports as a primary measure of adherence. Most participants rated their level of adherence monitoring and intervention as fair to poor. While most participants perceive adherence monitoring to be very important in clinical practice, only 20.8% perceive being able to significantly modify patient adherence.

Conclusion: There exists great variability in adherence monitoring and intervention practices across pediatric GI providers. Greater understanding of current adherence practices can inform future clinical efforts.

Journal Title

Ther Clin Risk Manag



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MeSH Keywords

Patient Compliance; Gastrointestinal Diseases; Liver Diseases; Child; Adolescent


adherence; clinical practice; patient compliance; intervention; screening


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