Laparoscopic Ladd Procedure for the Management of Malrotation and Volvulus.
Introduction: While laparoscopic Ladd procedure is commonly performed in patients with asymptomatic malrotation, a paucity of data exists on children with volvulus or with low weight (≤3 kg). Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the laparoscopic Ladd procedure in these complex patient populations. Methods: A retrospective review of patients undergoing operation for malrotation from 2008 to 2018 was performed. Specific subgroup analysis was performed comparing outcomes after open and laparoscopic approaches in patients presenting with acute volvulus or in low-weight (<3 kg) patients. Results: Out of 110 patients, 38 (35%) presented with volvulus and 72 (65%) without volvulus. In patients with volvulus, 16 (42%) underwent laparoscopy and 22 (58%) had an open procedure. More patients in the open group had a preoperative diagnosis of volvulus (63.6% vs. 12.5%, P = .002). Operative time was longer in the laparoscopic group (87 vs. 61 minutes, P = .029), with 7 patients being converted to an open procedure (44%). Days to regular diet, hospital length of stay, and recurrent volvulus were similar between groups. In patients weighting <3 kg, 10 patients underwent laparoscopy and 10 patients had an open procedure. Demographics, operative time, postoperative outcomes, and complications were similar between groups. One person in the laparoscopic group was converted to open. Conclusion: Laparoscopic management of malrotation, even in the presence of volvulus and low patient weight, is safe and effective, with low rates of recurrent volvulus. If exposure is suboptimal, conversion to open in patients with volvulus should be considered.
Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
Ladd procedure; laparoscopy; low-weight patients; malrotation; volvulus
Svetanoff, W., Sobrino, J. A., Sujka, J. A., St Peter, S. D., Fraser, J. D. Laparoscopic Ladd Procedure for the Management of Malrotation and Volvulus. Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A 30, 210-215 (2020).