Pharmacologic Management of Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.
Few medications are available and well tested to treat infants who already have developed or inevitably will develop severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD). Infants who develop sBPD clearly have not benefited from decades of research efforts to identify clinically meaningful preventive therapies for very preterm infants in the first days and weeks of their postnatal lives. This review addresses challenges to individualized approaches to medication use for sBPD. Specific challenges include understanding the combination of an individual infant's postmenstrual and postnatal age and the developmental status of drug-metabolizing enzymes and receptor expression. This review will also explore the reasons for the variable responsiveness of infants to specific therapies, based on current understanding of developmental pharmacology and pharmacogenetics. Data demonstrating the remarkable variability in the use of commonly prescribed drugs for sBPD are presented, and a discussion about the current use of some of these medications is provided. Finally, the potential use of antifibrotic medications in late-stage sBPD, which is characterized by a profibrotic state, is addressed.
Truog WE, Lewis TR, Bamat NA. Pharmacologic Management of Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Neoreviews. 2020;21(7):e454-e468. doi:10.1542/neo.21-7-e454