Title

HEM1 deficiency disrupts mTORC2 and F-actin control in inherited immunodysregulatory disease.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-10-2020

Identifier

DOI: 10.1126/science.aay5663

Abstract

Immunodeficiency often coincides with hyperactive immune disorders such as autoimmunity, lymphoproliferation, or atopy, but this coincidence is rarely understood on a molecular level. We describe five patients from four families with immunodeficiency coupled with atopy, lymphoproliferation, and cytokine overproduction harboring mutations in NCKAP1L, which encodes the hematopoietic-specific HEM1 protein. These mutations cause the loss of the HEM1 protein and the WAVE regulatory complex (WRC) or disrupt binding to the WRC regulator, Arf1, thereby impairing actin polymerization, synapse formation, and immune cell migration. Diminished cortical actin networks caused by WRC loss led to uncontrolled cytokine release and immune hyperresponsiveness. HEM1 loss also blocked mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2)-dependent AKT phosphorylation, T cell proliferation, and selected effector functions, leading to immunodeficiency. Thus, the evolutionarily conserved HEM1 protein simultaneously regulates filamentous actin (F-actin) and mTORC2 signaling to achieve equipoise in immune responses.

Journal Title

Science

Volume

369

Issue

6500

First Page

202

Last Page

207

MeSH Keywords

ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1; Actins; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes; Cell Proliferation; Cytokines; Humans; Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes; Lymphoproliferative Disorders; Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 2; Membrane Proteins; Pedigree; Phosphorylation; Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family

Keywords

ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1; Actins; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes; Cell Proliferation; Cytokines; Humans; Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes; Lymphoproliferative Disorders; Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 2; Membrane Proteins; Pedigree; Phosphorylation; Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family

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