Title

Implementation of a General Pediatric Clinical Rounding Checklist.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2019

Identifier

DOI: 10.1542/hpeds.2018-0150

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Checklists have been found to improve patient outcomes in a variety of health care settings, but use is rare during general pediatric rounds. We aimed to decrease length of stay (LOS) by 10% within 12 months through the standardized delivery of 8 aspects of hospital care for the general pediatric unit.

METHODS: For the general pediatrics unit at our freestanding children's hospital, a clinical rounding checklist was developed through a consensus of teaching faculty. Iterative plan-do-study-act cycles were conducted in a targeted medical unit over a 12-month period. We assessed change using control charts.

RESULTS: Checklist use increased from 61% to 96% early in the implementation phase. LOS (72 hours) was relatively unchanged. Cardiorespiratory monitor (CRM) duration was reduced by 28% (17.3 hours) within 4 months and was sustained for more than 12 months. A similar CRM reduction of 29% (22.5 hours) was seen in our medically complex patient subgroup. No clinically significant change was appreciated in central line, peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter, IV fluid, or IV medication duration. Thirty-day readmissions, code blue events, and rapid response team activations were not impacted.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of a clinical rounding checklist on the general pediatric floor improved care in only 1 of 8 targeted domains. LOS did not change significantly over the project's duration. CRM duration was significantly reduced in both routine patients and medically complex children, and these improvements were sustained without impacting patient safety. More study is needed to determine which checklist components, if any, may prove beneficial to patient outcomes.

Journal Title

Hosp Pediatr

Volume

9

Issue

4

First Page

291

Last Page

299

MeSH Keywords

Checklist; Child; Continuity of Patient Care; Efficiency, Organizational; Humans; Intensive Care Units, Pediatric; Length of Stay; Patient Care Team; Process Assessment, Health Care; Quality Improvement; Teaching Rounds

Keywords

Checklist; Child; Continuity of Patient Care; Efficiency, Organizational; Humans; Intensive Care Units, Pediatric; Length of Stay; Patient Care Team; Process Assessment, Health Care; Quality Improvement; Teaching Rounds

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