Title

Arteriovenous Buttonhole Access Cannulation in Pediatric Patients on Hemodialysis.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2019

Abstract

The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the recommended hemodialysis access for pediatric patients who weight more than 20 kg and who are not expected to receive a kidney transplant for one year or longer. Whereas buttonhole cannulation of the AVF has been discouraged in adults because of the associated risk of infection, the published pediatric experience with this technique is extremely limited. A retrospective chart review of all buttonhole cannulated AVFs in a single pediatric hemodialysis unit was performed. Approximately 5,600 cannulations were performed over 215.5 patient months with no infections of the AVF or adjacent skin in 13 of 14 (93%) patients. Results from this experience provide evidence that the buttonhole cannulation technique can be successfully performed in pediatric patients on hemodialysis without an associated increased risk of infection.

Journal Title

Nephrology nursing journal : journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association

Volume

46

Issue

4

First Page

407

Last Page

411

MeSH Keywords

Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical; Catheter-Related Infections; Catheterization; Child; Humans; Renal Dialysis; Retrospective Studies; Risk Assessment; Treatment Outcome

Keywords

arteriovenous; buttonhole; cannulation; hemodialysis; pediatrics

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