Title

The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Community and Surrounding Areas Study: sample, design, and procedures.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2019

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2018.11.002; PMCID: PMC6415666

Abstract

PURPOSE: We describe the sample, design, and procedures for the Community and Surrounding Areas Study (CASAS), an ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The aim of SOL CASAS was to test an ecological model of macro- and micro-neighborhood environment factors, intermediate behavioral (physical activity) and psychosocial (e.g., depression and stress) mechanisms, and changes in cardiometabolic health in Hispanics/Latinos.

METHODS: Between 2015 and 2017, approximately 6 years after the HCHS/SOL baseline (2008-2011), 1776 San Diego HCHS/SOL participants enrolled in SOL CASAS and completed a repeat physical activity assessment. Participants' residential addresses were geoprocessed, and macroenvironmental features of the home were derived from publicly available data concurrent with the HCHS/SOL baseline and Visit 2 (2014-2017). Microscale environmental attributes were coded for 943 unique routes for 1684 participants, with a validated observational tool, concurrent with Visit 2, for SOL CASAS participants only.

RESULTS: Of 2520 HCHS/SOL participants approached, 70.5% enrolled (mean age 55.3 years; 94% Mexican; 67.5% female). Accelerometer adherence (three or more days with at least 10 hours wear time) was outstanding (94%).

CONCLUSIONS: With its more comprehensive ecological model and well-characterized Hispanic/Latino population, SOL CASAS will advance the science concerning the contribution of neighborhood factors to cardiometabolic health.

Journal Title

Annals of epidemiology

Volume

30

First Page

57

Last Page

65

MeSH Keywords

Adult; Aged; Cardiovascular Diseases; Cohort Studies; Community-Based Participatory Research; Depression; Environment; Exercise; Female; Hispanic Americans; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; Public Health; Research Design; Residence Characteristics; Risk Factors; Social Class; Social Environment; United States

Keywords

Cardiovascular; Depression; Environment; Hispanic; Latino; Neighborhood; Physical activity; Risk factors

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