Developing and Testing a Personalized, Evidence-Based, Shared Decision-Making Tool for Stent Selection in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using a Pre-Post Study Design.

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DOI: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.118.005139; PMCID: PMC6383794


Background Drug-eluting stents reduce the risk of restenosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, but their use necessitates prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy, which increases costs and bleeding risk, and which may delay elective surgeries. While >80% of patients in the United States receive drug-eluting stents, less than a third report that their physicians discussed options with them. Methods and Results An individualized shared decision-making (SDM) tool for stent selection was designed and implemented at 2 US hospitals. In the postimplementation phase, all patients received the SDM tool before their procedure, with or without decision coaching from a trained nurse. All patients were interviewed with respect to their knowledge of stents, their participation in SDM, and their stent preference. Between May 2014 and December 2016, 332 patients not receiving the SDM tool, 113 receiving the SDM tool with coaching, and 136 receiving the tool without coaching were interviewed. Patients receiving the SDM tool + coaching, as compared with usual care, demonstrated higher knowledge scores (mean difference +1.8; PNCT02046902.

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Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes





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MeSH Keywords

Aged; Clinical Decision-Making; Counseling; Decision Making, Shared; Decision Support Techniques; Drug-Eluting Stents; Evidence-Based Medicine; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Missouri; Patient Education as Topic; Patient Participation; Patient Preference; Patient Selection; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention; Prosthesis Design


coronary artery disease; drug-eluting stent; percutaneous coronary intervention; stents

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