DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2015.06.002; PMCID: PMC4794116
OBJECTIVE: Child health is strongly influenced by social determinants. Little is known about the opinions of primary caregivers regarding the physicians' role in addressing social needs. Our objective was to examine caregivers' opinions about that role and any associations between those opinions, previous exposure to screening for needs by pediatric residents, and socioeconomic status (SES).
METHODS: Cross-sectional survey study of caregivers of hospitalized children. The survey collected information on caregiver opinion regarding their ability to ask physicians for help with social needs, whether physicians know how to help with those needs, and whether physicians should ask about social needs. The chi square test was used to identify associations between caregiver opinions, prior screening by a resident at admission, and SES (determined by census tract median household income).
RESULTS: Surveys were completed by 143 caregivers (79% participation). Most respondents agreed that they could ask their physician for help (54.5%), that their physician knows how to help (64.3%), and that physicians should ask about social needs (71.3%). Previously screened caregivers had more favorable opinions about asking for help (76.2% vs 45.5%, P < .01), whether their physician knows how to help (81.0% vs 57.4%, P = .02), and physician screening for unmet needs (85.7% vs 65.3%, P = .03). There were no SES differences in opinion.
CONCLUSIONS: Caregivers have favorable opinions of the physician's role in addressing the social determinants of health, especially after being screened. Physicians should be confident in the acceptability of screening families for social needs.
Adolescent; Attitude to Health; Caregivers; Child; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Food Supply; Health Status Disparities; Hospitalization; Housing; Humans; Infant; Insurance, Health; Internship and Residency; Male; Mass Screening; Needs Assessment; Pediatrics; Poverty; Social Class; Social Determinants of Health; Social Environment; Surveys and Questionnaires
Social determinants of health; Caregivers; Family Characteristics
Colvin JD, Bettenhausen JL, Anderson-Carpenter KD, Collie-Akers V, Chung PJ. Caregiver Opinion of In-Hospital Screening for Unmet Social Needs by Pediatric Residents. Acad Pediatr. 2016;16(2):161-167. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2015.06.002