Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Pediatrics and Congenital Heart Disease: A Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society Multicenter Review.
OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the implant experience and midterm results of subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (S-ICDs) in pediatric patients and those with congenital heart disease.
BACKGROUND: The S-ICD was developed to avoid the lead-related complications associated with transvenous systems. The absence of intravascular or intracardiac components offers potential advantages to pediatric patients and those with congenital heart disease.
METHODS: This international, multicenter, retrospective, standard-of-care study was conducted through the Pediatric & Congenital Electrophysiology Society. Complications at 30 and 360 days, inappropriate shocks, and delivery of appropriate therapy were assessed.
RESULTS: The study included 115 patients with a median follow-up of 32 (19 to 52) months. Median age was 16.7 years (14.8 to 19.3 years), 29% were female, and 55% had a primary prevention indication. Underlying disease substrate was cardiomyopathy (40%), structural heart disease (32%), idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (16%), and channelopathy (13%). The complication rate was 7.8% at 30 days and 14.7% at 360 days. Overall, inappropriate shocks occurred in 15.6% of patients, with no single clinical characteristic reaching statistical significance. At implant, 97.9% of patients had successful first shock conversion with 96% requiring ≤65 J. Appropriate therapy was delivered to 11.2% of patients with an annual incidence of 3.9% and an acute first shock conversion success rate of 92.5%.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that in a heterogeneous population of pediatric patients and those with congenital heart disease, the S-ICD had comparable rates of complications, inappropriate shocks, and conversion efficacy compared with previously published studies on transvenous systems in similar populations.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol
adult congenital heart disease; electrophysiology; pediatrics; subcutaneous ICD
von Alvensleben JC, Dechert B, Bradley DJ, et al. Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Pediatrics and Congenital Heart Disease: A Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society Multicenter Review. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2020;6(14):1752-1761. doi:10.1016/j.jacep.2020.07.010