Dietary Intake Among Church-Affiliated African Americans: The Role of Intentions and Beliefs
Diabetes and heart disease disproportionately burden African Americans, who tend to have worse nutritional intake than Whites. Many Black churches are influential institutions in the Black community, with potential to assist with promotion of healthy eating behaviors. The purpose of the current study was to use the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to examine intention to eat a healthy diet and dietary behaviors among church-affiliated African Americans. It was hypothesized that TPB constructs would positively predict intention to eat a healthy diet and that intention to eat a healthy diet would be a predictor of fat and fruit and vegetable intake. It was also hypothesized that control beliefs would predict reduced fat intake and increased fruit and vegetable intake. Path analyses indicated behavioral, normative, and control beliefs were predictive of intention to eat a healthy diet. Intention to eat healthy was a significant predictor of dietary intake behaviors. These findings provide support for the use of the TPB in examining diet among church-affiliated African Americans. This study represents an opportunity to inform dietary interventions for the African American faith community.
Journal of Black Psychology
eating; obesity; religion; health behavior
1. Bauer AG, Berkley-Patton J, Bennett K, et al. Dietary Intake Among Church-Affiliated African Americans: The Role of Intentions and Beliefs. Journal of Black Psychology. 2020;46(1):29-54. doi:10.1177/0095798419887629