Using quality improvement to implement consensus guidelines for postnatal steroid treatment of preterm infants with developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
DOI: 10.1038/s41372-020-00862-1; PMCID: PMC7578580
OBJECTIVE: Achieve over 90% adherence to consensus guidelines on use of postnatal steroids (PNS) in preterm infants for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) within 6 months.
METHODS: A multidisciplinary team formulated and implemented consensus guidelines using the Plan-Do-Study-Act method of quality improvement. Outcome measure was rate of compliance to guidelines, process measure was age of starting PNS treatment, and balancing measure was rate of repeat steroid courses.
RESULTS: Retrospective application of guidelines to preceding 10 months showed mean baseline compliance rate of 71% (n = 42). After implementation, compliance escalated to a mean rate of 96% within 6 months. Rate of PNS treatment ≤ 30 days of life increased from 50 to 80%, while rate of repeat PNS was unchanged.
CONCLUSIONS: Compliance with new guidelines for PNS treatment of BPD was quickly attained using simple quality improvement interventions. Further study is needed to evaluate effects of these guidelines on clinical outcomes.
Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association
Hansen, T. P., Oschman, A., Pallotto, E. K., Palmer, R., Younger, D., Cuna, A. Using quality improvement to implement consensus guidelines for postnatal steroid treatment of preterm infants with developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association 41, 891-897 (2021).