Title

High Frequency of Detection by PCR of Viral Nucleic Acid in The Blood of Infants Presenting with Clinical Myocarditis.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2016

Identifier

DOI: 10.1007/s00246-015-1290-6; PMCID: PMC4775434

Abstract

Specific viruses are associated with pediatric myocarditis, but the prevalence of viral DNAemia detected by blood polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is unknown. We evaluated the prevalence of known cardiotropic viruses (enterovirus, adenovirus, human herpesvirus 6, and parvovirus B19) in children with clinical myocarditis (n = 21). Results were compared to pediatric controls with similar viral PCR testing. The majority of positive PCR (89 %) was noted in children ≤12 months of age at diagnosis compared to older children. Infant myocarditis patients (8/10) had increased the prevalence of PCR positivity compared to infant pediatric controls (4/114) (p < 0.0001). Other than age, patient characteristics at diagnosis were similar between PCR-positive and PCR-negative patients. Both PCR-negative myocarditis infants had clinical recovery at follow-up. Of the PCR-positive myocarditis infants, 4 had clinical recovery, 2 developed chronic cardiomyopathy, 1 underwent heart transplant, and 1 died. Infants with clinical myocarditis have a high rate of blood viral positivity, which is higher compared to older children with myocarditis and healthy infant controls. Age-related differences in PCR positivity may be due to differences in host and/or virus characteristics. Our findings suggest that viral blood PCR may be a useful diagnostic tool and identify patients who would potentially benefit from virus-specific therapy.

Journal Title

Pediatric cardiology

Volume

37

Issue

2

First Page

399

Last Page

404

MeSH Keywords

Adenoviridae; Case-Control Studies; Child; Child, Preschool; DNA, Viral; Enterovirus; Female; Heart; Heart Transplantation; Herpesvirus 6, Human; Humans; Infant; Male; Myocarditis; Parvovirus B19, Human; Polymerase Chain Reaction; United States

Keywords

DNAemia; Myocarditis; Pediatric cardiology

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