Clinical Variables Associated With Statural Growth in Pediatric Crohn's Disease Differ by Sex (The Growth Study).
BACKGROUND: Statural growth impairment is more common in male patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We identified clinical variables associated with height z score differences by sex in children participating in the Growth Study, a prospective multicenter longitudinal study examining sex differences in growth impairment in pediatric CD.
METHODS: Patients with CD (female patients with bone age [BA] ≥4 years 2 months and ≤12 years; male patients with BA ≥5 years and ≤14 years at screening) who had completed study visit 1 qualified. The height z score difference was computed as height z score based on chronological age minus height z score based on BA.
RESULTS: One hundred thirteen patients with CD (36% female) qualified. The mean chronological age was 12.0 ± 1.8 (SD) years. The magnitude of the mean height z score difference was significantly greater in female patients (-0.9 ± 0.8) than in male patients (-0.5 ± 0.9; P = 0.021). An initial classification of inflammatory bowel disease as CD (P = 0.038) and perianal disease behavior at diagnosis (P = 0.009) were associated with higher standardized height gain with BA progression, and arthralgia at symptom onset (P = 0.016), azathioprine/6-merpcaptopurine (P = 0.041), and probiotics (P ≤ 0.021) were associated with lower standardized height gain with BA progression in female patients. Patient-reported poor growth at symptom onset (P = 0.001), infliximab (P ≤ 0.025), biologics (P ≤ 0.015), methotrexate (P = 0.042), and vitamin D (P ≤ 0.010) were associated with higher standardized height gain with BA progression, and initial classification as CD (P = 0.025) and anorexia (P = 0.005) or mouth sores (P = 0.004) at symptom onset were associated with lower standardized height gain with BA progression in male patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Different clinical variables were associated with statural growth in male patients vs female patients, suggesting that sex-specific molecular pathways lead to statural growth impairment in CD.
Inflammatory bowel diseases
height; inflammatory bowel disease; risk; sex differences
Gupta N, Lustig RH, Andrews H, et al. Clinical Variables Associated With Statural Growth in Pediatric Crohn's Disease Differ by Sex (The Growth Study). Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2021;27(6):751-759. doi:10.1093/ibd/izaa220